L'hypertension, les plantes utiles dans son traitement

Hypertension, plants useful in its treatment

Sep 26, 2023

Faced with the universal scourge of hypertension , modern science has intensively focused on various approaches to remedy it. However, while the effectiveness of conventional treatments is not in question, growing interest is turning to traditional medicine, in this case, the use of plants in the treatment of hypertension.

Is this simply a nostalgic acknowledgment of antiquity or is there real therapeutic potential in these plants?

This is the question we will try to answer in this article. To this end, we will adopt a rigorous scientific approach, while remaining accessible to lay readers. We explore the different herbs that have shown substantial scientific evidence to help in the treatment of hypertension.

“Nature is the best doctor: she cures three-quarters of diseases and never murmurs about her payments.”

The quote above, although centuries old, has retained much of its relevance today. Humanity may well be at the dawn of an era where green medicine, backed by scientific validity, plays a vital role in the treatment of diseases, including hypertension.

Vasodilator plants to fight hypertension

Understanding the importance of vasodilator herbs in the fight against hypertension could pave the way for more natural and less invasive treatment approaches. When we talk about vasodilator plants, what exactly are we talking about?

The term "vasodilators" refers to the ability of certain substances, in this case compounds found in certain plants, to widen or dilate blood vessels. This expansion allows for better blood circulation, which can help lower blood pressure. So, which plants have this valuable property?

  • Garlic : Well known for its powerful antimicrobial properties, garlic is also an excellent vasodilator. The sulfur compounds in garlic, including allicin, are known to relax and widen blood vessels, improving blood circulation.
  • Ginger : Ginger contains compounds called gingerols and shogaols, which have proven vasodilatory effects. Regular consumption of ginger can therefore help maintain healthy blood pressure.
  • Olive leaves : Used since ancient times for their medicinal properties, olive leaf extracts are recognized for their vasodilator effect, thus contributing to the treatment of hypertension.

Other plants, such as dandelion , yarrow , and valerian , are also known for their vasodilatory properties. However, these plants need further study to confirm their effectiveness in treating hypertension.

What about how to incorporate these plants into your daily routine? A herbal tea, infusion or liquid extract could be viable options. However, because each individual is unique, it is always advisable to consult a healthcare professional before starting a new plant-based diet.

In conclusion, vasodilator plants offer significant therapeutic potential in the management of hypertension. However, as with any treatment approach, they must be considered as part of an overall, balanced health strategy.

Plant antioxidants and their impact on high blood pressure

The impact of plant antioxidants on hypertension is a promising research topic. Antioxidants are compounds that can prevent or slow damage caused by free radicals, molecules produced when food breaks down or during exposure to things like tobacco or radiation. How can these compounds help in the treatment of hypertension?

Antioxidants may contribute to the prevention and treatment of hypertension by reducing oxidative stress . It is a state characterized by an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the body's ability to counter their harmful effects. This stress is associated with various diseases, including hypertension.

Here's how it works:

  1. Reduced Oxidative Stress: Plant antioxidants neutralize free radicals in the body, helping to reduce oxidative stress.
  2. Improved vascular endothelium: Antioxidants help improve the function of the endothelium, the layer of cells that lines the inside of our blood vessels. Improved endothelial function may help prevent hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases.
  3. Decreased inflammation: Antioxidants can reduce inflammation in the body, which is beneficial for blood pressure.

Many plants are rich in antioxidants, including berries, nuts, dark green leafy vegetables, whole grains, and some spices and herbs. For example, turmeric, green tea, garlic, ginger and orange peel are known for their high antioxidant content.

Should we then integrate these plants into our daily diet to prevent and manage hypertension? It is important to understand that while plant antioxidants have certain potential, they do not replace medications prescribed by a doctor. There is no silver bullet for hypertension, but a balanced diet rich in antioxidants, combined with a healthy lifestyle , can help manage this condition and improve overall cardiovascular health.

Plants containing nitrates to lower blood pressure

Thanks to their rich nitrate levels, certain plants play a crucial role in controlling hypertension . The nitrates found in these plants are converted to nitrites by bacteria in the mouth, which are then absorbed into the bloodstream where they are converted to nitric oxide. We know that nitric oxide has a great ability to dilate blood vessels, thereby lowering blood pressure.

The celery

Apium graveolens , better known as celery , is a vegetable known for its high nitrate levels. It is considered by nutrition experts as a powerful ally in the fight against hypertension. Indeed, regular consumption of celery, especially celery juice, can help lower blood pressure levels significantly.


Beetroot is another important dietary source of nitrates. Research has shown that beet juice, due to its richness in nitrates, promotes a reduction in blood pressure. As a result, consuming beets or beet juice may be beneficial for people suffering from hypertension.


Known for its high nitrate content, arugula is a green often used in various cuisines around the world. Its nitrate intake benefits individuals struggling with hypertension by promoting the dilation of blood vessels and the reduction of blood pressure.

We can't stress enough the importance of adding these nitrate-rich plants to your diet if you suffer from hypertension. However, remember that it is essential to balance your diet and avoid other factors that could increase blood pressure such as salt, alcohol and stress. By combining a balanced diet with a healthy lifestyle, you have all the keys to maintaining blood pressure at optimal levels.

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