Comprendre l'anémie

Understanding anemia

Mar 20, 2024

Anemia is a condition that occurs when your body's blood doesn't contain enough healthy red blood cells. This phenomenon can also occur if your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin , an essential component that allows these cells to deliver oxygen to your organs and tissues.

The different types of anemia: blood abnormalities

Anemia comes in different forms, each with its own causes and symptoms. Diagnostic features such as red blood cell count and hemoglobin level help make an accurate diagnosis.

Anemia is often considered a symptom of one or more underlying conditions rather than a disease in itself. It is often the result of nutritional deficiencies , inadequate diet, infections, inflammation, chronic diseases, gynecological and obstetrical conditions, and hereditary red blood cell disorders.

One of the most common forms of anemia is iron deficiency anemia , mainly caused by heavy blood loss, insufficient intake of iron in the diet or problems with the utilization of iron in the manufacture of iron. hemoglobin. It often occurs in vulnerable population groups such as children under 5 years of age, adolescent girls, pregnant women and women who have recently given birth.

It is also important to point out that genetic diseases such as thalassemia or sickle cell trait can also lead to anemia, hindering the normal production of hemoglobin and thus altering the number of red blood cells in the body.

Recognizing anemia: the subtle signs not to ignore

This condition is characterized by a number of symptoms , which can vary depending on the severity of the situation. The main symptoms of anemia, particularly in those with iron deficiency anemia , may include increased fatigue , pale skin , and increased shortness of breath during exercise. On the other hand, some people only show subtle signs, which makes diagnosing the disease more difficult.

If the healthcare professional suspects that anemia could be a symptom of another condition, he or she may order additional tests such as a gastroscopy or colonoscopy . A complete blood count is also usually ordered to detect anemia.

It is also important to note the importance of examining a blood smear by a hematologist. This can help to observe the size and appearance of red blood cells, useful information for establishing the diagnosis in the case of iron deficiency anemia.

Solutions and treatments for anemia: modern approaches

Anemia , classified as a major public health problem by the World Health Organization (WHO) , is a condition that we should not neglect. Mainly affecting young children, pregnant women, adolescents and menstruating women, anemia , which is often a symptom of underlying diseases, requires special attention.

Getting started is relatively easy thanks to the numerous treatments available.

Indeed, martial therapy often occupies an important place. This is an iron-based treatment prescribed by the doctor in cases of iron deficiency anemia . Iron is administered in the form of tablets, such as those produced by the Tardyferon laboratory, or syrup for children.

Particular attention is also paid to diet. Dietary modification can effectively help prevent and treat anemia, particularly a diet rich in iron.

Additionally, WHO is committed to developing a global framework for action to prevent, diagnose and manage anemia. Some treatments may also require more specific intervention, such as if the anemia is caused by an underlying disease.

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