Qu'est-ce que la migraine hémiplégique ?

What is hemiplegic migraine?

Aug 16, 2021

A rare type of migraine

Hemiplegic migraine is a type of migraine that is as rare as it is serious. Its symptoms may be associated with stroke symptoms such as, for example, muscle weakness that can cause temporary paralysis on one side of the body, also called Hemiplegia .


Sometimes, upstream of the pain caused by this migraine, other symptoms can be felt. They are called auras , they can include temporary disorders affecting the muscles involving, therefore, a loss of control and / or sensations such as:
  • Intense, throbbing pain, often on one side of the head.
  • A feeling of needles , which often travels from the hand to the arm.
  • Numbness on one side of the body , which may include an arm, a leg and half of the face.
  • Weakness or paralysis on one side of the body.
  • Loss of balance and coordination .
  • Dizziness or vertigo .
  • Nausea and vomiting .
Auras usually appear gradually over 30 minutes, can last for hours , and then gradually fade away . They may be more painful and longer than other types of migraine. The apparent symptoms of stroke can be disturbing or even debilitating. Unlike a stroke, symptoms begin slowly and intensify , then they may completely disappear. Muscle problems usually disappear within 24 hours, but can sometimes last a few days. This type of migraine is unfortunately not predictable . Usually the pain follows the paralysis, but this can be reversed, just as the person may not feel a headache. It may also be that the person feels a lot of pain, but only feels a little weak, and then the next attack may lead to more severe paralysis, with less pain. This varies greatly from person to person, and from crisis to crisis. Very rarely, some people may have coordination problems, following numerous hemiplegic migraine attacks. Symptoms of hemiplegic migraine often appear during childhood or adolescence . In adulthood they may disappear.

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