La migraine ophtalmique : symptômes, causes et traitements

Everything you need to know about ophthalmic migraine: symptoms, causes and treatments

Sep 05, 2023

Do you suffer from ophthalmic migraines and wonder what it really means? Don't worry, you are in the right place. In this article, we will give you all the information you need about ophthalmic migraines: symptoms, causes and treatments.

Everything you need to know about ophthalmic migraine: symptoms, causes and treatments

Ophthalmic migraines are a form of migraine characterized by visual symptoms such as flashes of light, zigzags, or blind spots that appear before the headache. These symptoms can be scary and disturbing, but it's important to understand that they are usually harmless. We also speak of migraine aura .

The causes of ophthalmic migraines are not completely understood, but are thought to be related to hyperactivity of certain areas in the brain. Some people may be predisposed to these migraines due to genetic factors or certain triggers such as stress, fatigue or certain foods.

Fortunately, there are effective treatments for ophthalmic migraines. They may include prescribed medications, lifestyle changes and complementary therapies like MIG SPRAY natural treatment .

So, if you are affected by ophthalmic migraines , don't panic. Read on to get all the information you need about the symptoms, causes and treatments of ophthalmic migraines.

What is an ophthalmic migraine?

Ophthalmic migraines , also called ocular migraines or retinal migraines, are a special type of migraine that is characterized by visual disturbances occurring before the onset of the headache. These visual symptoms may be flashes of light, zigzags, blind spots, or flickering lights in the field of vision. The duration of these visual disturbances can vary, but they usually last less than an hour.

Unlike other forms of migraines, ophthalmic migraines sometimes do not cause pain or headaches. But this is not always the case and sometimes the headache can be very violent. It is the visual symptoms that constitute the main characteristic of this type of migraine. However, it is important to note that ophthalmic migraines can sometimes develop into other types of migraines accompanied by various other symptoms (transient loss of speech, motor skills, etc.). You can read our article on migraine complications to learn more.

Common Symptoms of Ophthalmic Migraines

The visual symptoms associated with ophthalmic migraines can vary from person to person, but some common experiences have been reported by people suffering from these migraines. The most common symptoms are:

1. Flashes of light : Many people with ophthalmic migraines describe flashes of light in their vision. These flashes may appear as spots or streaks of light and may occur in one or both eyes. They can be persistent or intermittent and last from a few seconds to several minutes.

2. Zigzag lines : Another common visual symptom of ophthalmic migraines is the perception of zigzag lines or wavy patterns in the field of vision. These lines can appear in different colors, such as black and white or color, and they can move across the visual field.

3. Blind spots : Ophthalmic migraines can also cause temporary blind spots in vision. These blind spots may appear as areas of darkness or as areas where vision is distorted or blurred. They generally last less than an hour and disappear once the migraine episode is over.

Causes and triggers of ophthalmic migraines

The exact causes of ophthalmic migraines are not fully understood. However, it is believed that these migraines are linked to a dysfunction of certain areas of the brain.

In addition to this underlying dysfunction, several triggering factors can precipitate an ophthalmic migraine episode. These triggers may vary from person to person, but some are common:

1. Stress : Stress and emotional tension can be a major trigger for ophthalmic migraines. When you're stressed, your body releases certain chemicals that can affect blood vessels in the brain and trigger a migraine episode.

2. Fatigue : Lack of sleep or excessive fatigue can also trigger ophthalmic migraines. It is important to prioritize getting enough rest and practicing good sleep hygiene to reduce the likelihood of suffering from migraines.

3. Certain foods : Certain foods and drinks have been identified as common triggers for migraines, including ophthalmic migraines. These include caffeine, alcohol, mature cheeses, chocolate and foods containing artificial additives or preservatives. It's important to identify your own trigger foods and avoid them to prevent migraines.

The difference between ophthalmic migraines and ordinary migraines

Although ophthalmic migraines have some similarities with regular migraines, there are several key differences between the two. Ophthalmic migraines are characterized by visual disturbances that are not always accompanied by headaches, while "ordinary" migraines are usually accompanied by intense headaches and other symptoms such as nausea , sensitivity to light and sound and dizziness .

Diagnosis of ophthalmic migraines

If you think you may be suffering from ophthalmic migraines, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis. Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms, medical history, and family history of migraines. He may also carry out a thorough examination of your eyes to rule out other potential causes of your visual problems.

In some cases, your doctor may recommend additional tests such as an MRI or CT scan to rule out other underlying conditions. These tests can help identify any structural abnormalities in the brain that may be contributing to your migraines.

Treatment Options for Ophthalmic Migraines

Fortunately, there are several treatment options for ophthalmic migraines . The choice of treatment will depend on the frequency and severity of your migraines, as well as your general health and medical history. The most common treatment options are:

1. Medication : Your doctor may prescribe medication to help manage your ophthalmic migraines. These may include pain relievers, anti-nausea medications, and medications specifically designed to prevent migraines. It is important to follow your doctor's instructions and take prescribed medications as directed.

2. Lifestyle Modifications : Certain lifestyle modifications may also help reduce the frequency and severity of ophthalmic migraines. This may include getting enough sleep, managing stress, avoiding trigger foods, practicing relaxation techniques, and incorporating regular exercise into your routine.

3. Complementary Therapies : Some people find relief from their ophthalmic migraines through complementary therapies such as acupuncture, biofeedback or cognitive behavioral therapy. These therapies can help manage stress, promote relaxation and improve overall well-being.

Lifestyle Modifications to Manage Ophthalmic Migraines

In addition to the treatment options mentioned above, you can make lifestyle changes to better manage your ophthalmic migraines . These changes can help reduce the frequency and severity of your migraines and improve your overall quality of life. Here are some lifestyle changes to consider:

1. Establish a regular sleep schedule : Getting enough sleep and maintaining a regular sleep schedule can help reduce the likelihood of suffering from migraines. Aim for 7 to 9 hours of quality sleep each night and try to go to bed and wake up at the same time each day.

2. Manage stress : Stress is a common trigger for migraines. So it's important to find healthy ways to manage stress in your life. So it's important to find healthy ways to manage stress in your life. This may include practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, or yoga. It may also be helpful to identify and address any sources of stress in your life, such as work or relationship problems.

3. Avoid Trigger Foods : Certain foods and drinks can trigger migraines. It is therefore important to identify your own trigger foods and avoid them. The most common trigger foods are caffeine, alcohol, mature cheeses, chocolate, and foods with artificial additives or preservatives. Keeping a food diary can help you identify patterns between your diet and your migraines.

Preventive measures for ophthalmic migraines

In addition to managing your migraines with lifestyle changes and treatment options, you can also take preventative measures to reduce the frequency and severity of ophthalmic migraines. These steps can help minimize the impact of migraines on your daily life and improve your overall well-being. Here are some preventive measures to consider:

1. Regular physical exercise : Engaging in regular physical activity can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines. Try to get at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise, such as brisk walking or cycling, most days of the week.

2. Stress management techniques : Finding healthy ways to manage stress can help prevent migraines. Consider incorporating relaxation techniques such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, or yoga into your daily routine.

3. Avoid known triggers : Identifying and avoiding your personal triggers can help prevent ophthalmic migraines. Write down your migraines and any potential triggers in a journal or journal to identify patterns.

When should you see a doctor for ophthalmic migraines?

If you are suffering from ophthalmic migraines and they are interfering with your daily life, it is important to consult a healthcare professional. Additionally, you should see a doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

1. Severe headaches for a prolonged period of time

2. Sudden or significant changes in your vision

3. Confusion, slurred speech, or weakness on one side of the body

4. Severe dizziness or loss of balance


Ophthalmic migraines can be a difficult and distressing condition, but with the right knowledge and treatment, they can be managed effectively. By understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options of ophthalmic migraines, you can take control of your condition and minimize its impact on your daily life. Remember to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. With the right support and management strategies, you can live a fulfilling life despite ophthalmic migraines.

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